Unlike most nt letters, 1 john does not tell us who its author is. The first epistle indicates that the readers were confronted with the error of gnosticism, which became a more serious problem in the second century. The content, style, and vocabulary seem to warrant the conclusion that these three epistles were addressed to the same readers as the gospel of john. In a study of john 110, students have the opportunity to listen to the greatest teacher of alljesus, god himself in the fleshwhen he walked this earth. John with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. New testament gospel of john chapter summaries hubpages. John was one of them and we catch a glimpse of his breathless excitement in verse 1 of this chapter.
The apostle john is the author of the gospel of john, 1, 2, and 3 john and revelation. This short work was written before john was exiled to the island of patmos, and before he wrote the book of revelation. False spiritual teachers were a big problem in the early church. Since the letter identifies no specific church, locati. The first epistle of john, often referred to as first john and written 1 john or i john, is the first of the johannine epistles of the new testament, and the fourth of the catholic epistles. To warn against the false teaching that christ had not actually come in the flesh and to encourage a lifestyle appropriate for followers of the incarnate christ. The book of revelation, or the apocalypse as it is also called, is the last book of the bible. Ellis is a professor of history at mount holyoke and has written extensively on the revolutionary era and some of its most prominent figures. False teachers had gone out from the church and had begun to teach another doctrine. This emphasis by john, while striking, is not without love.
With all johns reasons to write, scholars have a hard time forming an outline from johns letter. It was quoted by polycarp in the early part of the second century, by justin and irenaeus in the middle part of the second century, and by tertullian, cle. There is no scholarly consensus as to the authorship of the johannine works. John the son of zebedee probably wrote his three nt letters no later than the 90s a. This beginning goes back to the incarnation and the earthly life of jesus. It is a revelation that was received by the apostle john while he was in romanimposed exile on the island of patmos in the eastern mediterranean around 90 a. The book of 1 john is a letter although it contains no opening address or greeting typically found in a letter, which identifies the writer and the recipients to whom it was written.
Stay long enough to gaze as you work through the lessons. Looking for a quick summary of the events in each chapter of the gospel of john. It is written by the discipleapostle john around 8595 a. A brief overview of the book of revelation the rise and. Watch our overview video on the letters of john, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Invoking the in the beginning language of genesis 1. Various people have been proposed as the author of this epistle. The purpose of the first book of john was to encourage christians to love one another because god is love. Book of 1 john read, study bible verses online bible study tools. John is the fourth and last gospel an account of jesus life and ministry in the new testament. After that john moved to minor asia ephesus where he is likely to have stayed till his death at a very old age around the year 100 ad. The other purpose was to combat various forms of heresies which had crept into the church. However, it is the first epistle of john which describes the nature of that life in greater detail e. Here youll find current best sellers in books, new releases in books, deals in books, kindle ebooks, audible audiobooks, and so much more.
The gospel of john is the latestwritten of the four biographies of jesus that have been preserved in the new testament. Early christian writers recognized john as the author, and there are clear similarities with the first epistle. We would point out to someone their felt need in their lives and then come to fill that need. This outline of 1 john is intended to help you study gods word. John s first epistle teaches that while it is important to recognize the lines between truth and error, it must always be done in a spirit of love. The rise and fall of the antichrist appendix four a brief overview of the book of revelation.
Euangelion kata ioannen is the fourth of the canonical gospels. The intent of this letter is to remind that eternal life comes only through the son, who was with the father in the very beginning. The first epistle of john, often referred to as first john and written 1 john or i john, is the first. The book of revelation primarily concerns the second coming of christ. Intro to 1 john biblica the international bible society. Sparknotes are the most helpful study guides around to literature, math, science, and more. This description likely pointed to john for three reasons. Here is a summary and commentary on first john chapter two. Book of john overview insight for living ministries.
The letter is difficult to date with precision, but factors such as 1 evidence from early christian writers irenaeus and clement of alexandria, 2 the early form of gnosticism reflected in the denunciations of the letter and 3 indications of the advanced age of john suggest the end of the first century. The key personalities of this book are jesus christ, his twelve disciples, mary magdalene, john the baptist, lazarus, his sisters mary and martha, jewish religious leaders, and pilate. The wide recognition in the early church does also confirm the above. In these epistles john the apostle of love will share his concerns about those things that would threaten the welfare of the church at the end of the first century. The book went through two to three stages, or editions, before reaching its current form, at the latest, around ad 80100. Dionysius noted that john did not name himself in his epistles, not even in the second and third epistles, although they are short.
Find sample tests, essay help, and translations of shakespeare. Chapter 1 the book of john starts with the words in the. The gospel of john begins with a lovely little poem about jesus. Gnosticism, the first heresy, denied the reality of the humanity of jesus. Overview of the book of 3 john reformed answers to bible. He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other new testament books were already written. Since the letter identifies no specific church, location, or individual to whom it was sent, its classification is as a general epistle. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.
The first epistle of john chapter one john begins his first epistle like he does his gospel. This summary of the book of 1 john provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of 1 john. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The key personalities of this book are jesus christ, his twelve disciples, mary magdalene, john. In addition to this gospel, the church traditionally associates john with three new testament letters first, second, and third john and the prophetic book of revelation. Its purpose was to warn about the increasing threat of false teachings and to reassure christians of their faith and love in jesus christ. In this eyewitness account written by the disciple whom jesus loved, we find jesus using everyday items and events to teach deep spiritual truths, and everyoneincluding your. Near the end of the 1st century, john was exiled to the island of patmos. The children of god keep his commands 1 jn the spirit of god affirms jesus first coming 1 jn 4.
The book of john is a gospel that contains narrative history, sermons, parables, and a few prophetic oracles. This stay was interrupted though by his exile on the island of patmos revelation 1. The emphasis on the deity of christ is a striking quality of john s gospel. Christians who are faithful in showing goodness to others are to be commended. The author of this epistle never identified himself by name, but christians since the beginning of the church have considered this letter. Oct 27, 2018 this book was written by a disciple whom jesus lovedthe church traditionally attributes it to john. John focuses on the deity of christ more so than the other four. The key word is knowledge, with its related words, occurring at least times in the book of 1 john. Every chapter of the bible in 140 characters or less. In case a christian does sin, though, he has jesus christ as his advocate before the father. John calls followers of jesus to share in gods own life and love by. Written by a christian named john, the contents of the book indicate quite clearly that the author was not the john who was one of the twelve disciples of jesus, for it contains no direct personal references of the type that one would expect from an intimate associate of jesus.
The fruit of fellowship with christ i write these things to you who believe in the name of the son of god so that you may know that you have eternal life. It is the first and largest in a series of 3 epistles that bear the apostle john s name. Sep, 2016 watch our overview video on the gospel of john, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. A summary, synopsis or recap is a shortened version of the original. John recognized that love comes from god, and he encouraged the believers to love one another 1 john 4. Although the author never gives his name, up until the fourth century no one ever questioned that john the apostle was the author. John encourages believers that jesus was jehovah god. It is the first and largest in a series of 3 epistles that bear the apostle johns name. It was written by the discipleapostle john around 8595 a. Whereas the gospel of john was written to unbelievers, this epistle was written to those who were already believers 5.
Book of revelation overview church of jesus christ. A study of the epistles of john gene taylor 6 first john. The gospel of john is probably the book that has been written last of all the books of the bible. John the apostle was the writer of the second book of john, although he does not give his name he refers to himself as the elder. He wrote from ephesus in presentday western turkey, perhaps to churches like those mentioned in rev. First john is the fourth of the general epistles or catholic letters, the writings of apostles to the church at large. Studies from 1st, 2nd, and 3rd john bible study guide.
I summarised the bible on twitter between aug 2010 and nov 20 one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. The key personalities are the apostles peter and paul. General introduction overview suppose you are heavily involved in some cause or movement. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of bible. This summary of the book of 1 john provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the. But the central focus of first john seems to be distinguishing the false teachers from children of god, so heres my take.
The first epistle of john shows the revelation of this life in those who believe in the son of god. In connection with john s gospel all of this points to the apostle john as author of the epistle compare with notes on john s gospel. The first to cite from john s first epistle is polycarp of smyrna around 70 to 155 ac who himself knew john personally. Do not rush or you might miss the opportunity to draw near to the father, which is what i pray for everyone who jumps into i john. The book of 1 john is not an essay or dissertation, but a teaching of gods word in letterform. An introduction to the book of 1 john related media. The apostle john begins with the purpose of writing this letter by stating, i am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. Thus this epistle has rightly been called a continuation of the gospel of john of chapters 1 to 19 especially.
The book of 1 john seems to be a summary that assumes the readers knowledge of the gospel as written by john and. John did not include the nativity story in his gospel. A summary of the gospel according to john john in s bible. Overview of the book of 1 john reformed answers to bible. Written by a christian named john, the contents of the book indicate quite clearly that the author was not the john who was one of the twelve disciples of jesus, for it contains no direct personal references of the type that one would expect from an intimate. A second john known as john the elder in view of suggestions that he wrote 2 and 3 john and from papias reference to john the elder but this need not be distinct from john the apostle 2. Through the prophet joseph smith, the lord has given us vital keys to understanding the book of revelation, particularly the meaning of the seven seals. The book of 1 john seems to be a summary that assumes the readers knowledge of the gospel as written by john and offers certainty for their faith in christ. Although the first epistle of john does not bear any authors name it was never seriously doubted that the apostle john is the author of this epistle as well as of the fourth gospel. Book of first john overview insight for living ministries. The crucified christ was an appropriate symbol for millions of young men who diedtoo often anonymouslyon battlefields throughout the world between 1914 and 1918, writes historian john keegan in his ambitious onevolume overview the first world war alfred a. To encourage service toward others, especially with regard to hospitality toward those who minister the gospel. Its purpose was to warn about the increasing threat of false teachings and to reassure christians of their faith. It has no traditional introduction from whom, to whom.
It also shows the features of this life in its practical realisation in the believers. The book of 1 john is not a personal letter nor a letter written to one church as much as it is an impassioned office memo from headquarters corporate letter. That we might be sure to live the sort of life god offers through his son jesus christ, a careful study of the first epistle of john is. The earliest identification of him comes from the church fathers. Watch our overview video on the gospel of john, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. A number of reasons were involved in writing 1 john. The books also address deceivers who spread false teachings and fear rather than love. John 1 john 2 john 3 john revelation only paul authored more new testament books than john.
Johns first epistle teaches that while it is important to recognize the lines between truth and error, it must always be done in a spirit. In john, jesus becomes human as the incarnation of the creator god of. The epistles of john show jesus as the way, the truth and the life. This amazing book is full of essential information on 100 classic volumes everyone should read. John also wrote the fourth gospel and the book of revelation theme of 1 john. The book of 1 st john is a general epistle apostolic letter. The gospel of john is written to persuade nonchristians to believe in jesus and find eternal life in his name jn 20.
While paul wrote to specific congregations and individuals, peter, james, john, and jude wrote to broader audiences scattered across the roman empire. The book of 1stjohn is a general epistle apostolic letter. This would support a date towards the end of the first century. In summary, the epistle may be said to exhibit a paraenetic style which is marked by personal appeal. Chapter 1 overview from the book networks, crowds, and markets.1500 1594 371 13 777 432 523 1602 1203 1288 77 695 435 1224 1529 1036 456 92 784 1094 873 405 56 1075 517 499 270 41 1008 1617 1297 1546 476 1160 988 1036 540 1445 608 47 1126 1161 1302 1489 123 1288